Note: 10 kPa = 1 dbar is close to the pressure increase that corresponds to a depth increase of 1 m.
Entering a pressure value equal to the depth in metres will give an approximate result. Temperature uses IPTS-68, salinity uses PSS-78; see reference. |

Calculation based on Fofonoff, P. and R. C. Millard Jr (1983) Algorithms for computation of fundamental properties of seawater. Unesco Technical Papers in Marine Science 44, 53 pp.

Note: This calculator determines salinity from measurements of |

© 2000 M. Tomczak. Last updated 22 August 2000